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Physical Science

A study of the physics and chemistry of nature is referred to as Physical Science. It is an important part of the middle school and the high school curriculum, as detailed by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).

A comprehensive understanding of any field or branch of science depends heavily on the science experiments that experts in the field carry out as part of their research. The scientific method steps that are followed help researchers arrive at accurate conclusions and lead to exciting and new discoveries.

These are the performance expectations according to the NGSS for students studying Physical Sciences.

    PS1: Matter and Its Interactions
  • PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
  • PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
  • PS1.C: Nuclear Processes
    PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
  • PS2.A: Forces and Motion
  • PS2.B: Types of Interactions
  • PS2.C: Stability and Instability in Physical Systems
    PS3: Energy
  • PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
  • PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
  • PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces
  • PS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life
    PS4: Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer
  • PS4.A: Wave Properties
  • PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation
  • PS4.C: Information Technologies and Instrumentation

School of Dragon's Physical Science Quests

Helpful Note: The first number before the Disciplinary Core Idea standards represents the grade it focuses on.

PS1:Matter and Its Interactions

PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
2-PS1.A-1 Quests: Shiny New Trophy/ Frozen Water: Different kinds of matter exist and many of them can be either solid or liquid, depending on temperature. Matter can be described and classified by its observable properties.
2-PS1.A-2 Quests: Shiny New Trophy/ Cleaning Solution:Different properties are suited to different purposes.
2-PS1.A-3 Quests: Watering Machine:A great variety of objects can be built up from a small set of pieces.
5-PS1.A-2 Quests: A Juicy Dilemma:The amount (weight) of matter is conserved when it changes form, even in transitions in which it seems to vanish.

PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
2-PS1.B-4 Quests: Shiny New Trophy/ Chocolate in a Bottle: Heating or cooling a substance may cause changes that can be observed. Sometimes these changes are reversible, and sometimes they are not.
5-PS1.B-2 Quests: A Juicy Dilemma:No matter what reaction or change in properties occurs, the total weight of the substances does not change. (Boundary: Mass and weight are not distinguished at this grade level.)
5-PS1.B-4 Quests: Cleaning Solution/ Frozen Water: When two or more different substances are mixed, a new substance with different properties may be formed.

PS3: Energy

PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
4-PS3.A-2 Quests: Home Heating/ Dwindling Flames: The faster a given object is moving, the more energy it possesses.
4-PS3.A-3 Quests: Home Heating/ Dwindling Flames:Energy can be moved from place to place by moving objects or through sound, light, or electric currents.

PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
4-PS3.B-4 Quests: Home Heating:Energy is present whenever there are moving objects, sound, light, or heat. When objects collide, energy can be transferred from one object to another, thereby changing their motion. In such collisions, some energy is typically also transferred to the surrounding air; as a result, the air gets heated and sound is produced.