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Middle School (6th- 8th Grade)

Students in middle school continue to develop understanding of four core ideas in the physical sciences. The middle school performance expectations in the Physical Sciences build on the K – 5 ideas and capabilities to allow learners to explain phenomena central to the physical sciences but also to the life sciences and earth and space science. The performance expectations in physical science blend the core ideas with scientific and engineering practices and crosscutting concepts to support students in developing usable knowledge to explain real world phenomena in the physical, biological, and earth and space sciences. In the physical sciences, performance expectations at the middle school level focus on students developing understanding of several scientific practices. These include developing and using models, planning and conducting investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, using mathematical and computational thinking, and constructing explanations; and to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas. Students are also expected to demonstrate understanding of several of engineering practices including design and evaluation.

    PS1: Matter and Its Interactions
  • PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
  • PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
    PS3: Energy
  • PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
  • PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
  • PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces
  • PS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life
    ETS1: Engineering Design
  • ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem
  • ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions
  • ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution
    PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
  • PS2.A: Forces and Motion
  • PS2.B: Types of Interactions
    PS4: Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer
  • PS4.A: Wave Properties
  • PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation
  • PS4.C: Information Technologies and Instrumentation
    LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
  • LS1.A: Structure and Function
  • LS1.B: Growth and Development of Organisms
  • LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms
  • LS1.D: Information Processing
    LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
  • LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems
  • LS2.B: Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems
  • LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience
  • LS2.D: Social Interactions and Group Behavior
    LS3: Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits
  • LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits
  • LS3.B: Variation of Traits
    LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
  • LS4.A: Evidence of Common Ancestry and Diversity
  • LS4.B: Natural Selection
  • LS4.C: Adaptation
    ESS1: Earth’s Place in the Universe
  • ESS1.A: The Universe and Its Stars
  • ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System
  • ESS1.C: The History of Planet Earth
    ESS2: Earth’s Systems
  • ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
  • ESS2.B: Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions
  • ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
  • ESS2.D: Weather and Climate
    ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
  • ESS3.A: Natural Resources
  • ESS3.B: Natural Hazards
  • ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems
  • ESS3.D: Global Climate Changes

Middle School Science

Middle school science involves a few advanced science concepts such as energy, matter, evolution, chemical reactions of matters, and other Next Generation Science Standards topics. To acquaint kids with these topics, teachers need to include a variety of science experiments and projects in the science curriculum. They can also be encouraged to conduct science fairs for others to learn and practice their own science skills. Check out our wide range of science experiments and project ideas for middle school that follow the core curriculum.

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