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Life Science

The scientific study of living organisms – microorganisms, plants, animals, human beings, etc. – is referred to as the study of life sciences. A detailed understanding of the life sciences can be applied in the fields of health, agriculture, medicine, and in the pharmaceutical and food science industries.

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) for Life Science
Here are the NGSS disciplinary core ideas for the study of Life Science:

    LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
  • LS1.A: Structure and Function
  • LS1.B: Growth and Development of Organisms
  • LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms
  • LS1.D: Information Processing
    LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
  • LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems
  • LS2.B: Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems
  • LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience
  • LS2.D: Social Interactions and Group Behavior
    LS3: Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits
  • LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits
  • LS3.B: Variation of Traits
    LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
  • LS4.A: Evidence of Common Ancestry and Diversity
  • LS4.B: Natural Selection
  • LS4.C: Adaptation
  • LS4.D: Biodiversity and Humans

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School of Dragon's Life Science Quests

Helpful Note: The first number before the Disciplinary Core Idea standards represents the grade it focuses on.

LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

LS1.A: Structure and Function
1-LS1.A-1 Quests: Fill the World with Flowers: All organisms have external parts. Different animals use their body parts in different ways to see, hear, grasp objects, protect themselves, move from place to place, and seek, find, and take in food, water and air. Plants also have different parts (roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits) that help them survive and grow.
4-LS1.A-1 Quests: Fill the World with Flowers:Plants and animals have both internal and external structures that serve various functions in growth, survival, behavior, and reproduction.

LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms
K-LS1.C-1 Quests: Food Chain: All animals need food in order to live and grow. They obtain their food from plants or from other animals. Plants need water and light to live and grow.

LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems
5-LS2.A-1 Quests: Food Chain: The food of almost any kind of animal can be traced back to plants. Organisms are related in food webs in which some animals eat plants for food and other animals eat the animals that eat plants. Some organisms, such as fungi and bacteria, break down dead organisms (both plants or plants parts and animals) and therefore operate as “decomposers.” Decomposition eventually restores (recycles) some materials back to the soil. Organisms can survive only in environments in which their particular needs are met. A healthy ecosystem is one in which multiple species of different types are each able to meet their needs in a relatively stable web of life. Newly introduced species can damage the balance of an ecosystem.

LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience
3-LS2.C-1 Quests: The Wolves are Coming:When the environment changes in ways that affect a place’s physical characteristics, temperature, or availability of resources, some organisms survive and reproduce, others move to new locations, yet others move into the transformed environment, and some die.

LS3: Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits

LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits
1-LS3.A-1 Quests: Flowers: Young animals are very much, but not exactly, like their parents. Plants also are very much, but not exactly, like their parents.
3-LS3.A-1 Quests: Flowers: Many characteristics of organisms are inherited from their parents.

LS3.B: Variation of Traits
3-LS3.B-1 Quests: Flowers: Different organisms vary in how they look and function because they have different inherited information.
3-LS3.B-2 Quests: Black Sheep: The environment also affects the traits that an organism develops.

LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity

LS4.A: Evidence of Common Ancestry and Diversity
3-LS4.A-2 Quests: Hiding in Plain Sight/ Black Sheep: Sometimes the differences in characteristics between individuals of the same species provide advantages in surviving, finding mates, and reproducing.

LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience
5-LS2.C-1 Quests: The Wolves are Coming:When the environment changes in ways that affect a place’s physical characteristics, temperature, or availability of resources, some organisms survive and reproduce, others move to new locations, yet others move into the transformed environment, and some die.

LS4.C: Adaptation
3-LS4.C-3 Quests: Black Sheep:For any particular environment, some kinds of organisms survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all.