The Next Generation Science Standards expect kindergarten students to formulate answers to questions such as: "What happens if you push or pull an object harder?", "Where do animals live and why do they live there?", "What is the weather like today and how is it different from yesterday?"

Kindergarten performance expectations established by Next Generation Science Standards include PS2, PS3, LS1, ESS2, ESS3, and ETS1 Disciplinary Core Ideas from the NRC Framework. Kindergarten students are expected to develop an understanding of patterns and variations in local weather and the purpose of weather forecasting to prepare for, and respond to, severe weather. Students are able to apply an understanding of the effects of different strengths or different directions of pushes and pulls on the motion of an object to analyze a design solution. Students are also expected to develop an understanding of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive and the relationship between their needs and where they live. The crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; systems and system models; interdependence of science, engineering, and technology; and influence of engineering, technology, and science on society and the natural world are called out as organizing concepts for these disciplinary core ideas.

According to the Next Generation Science Standards, students in kindergarten are also expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in asking questions, developing and using models, planning and carrying out investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, designing solutions, engaging in argument from evidence, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information. Students are expected to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.

    PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
  • PS2.A: Forces and Motion
  • PS2.B: Types of Interactions
    PS3: Energy
  • PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
  • PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces
    LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
  • LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms
    ESS2: Earth’s Systems
  • ESS2.D: Weather and Climate
  • ESS2.E: Biogeology
    ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
  • ESS3.A: Natural Resources
  • ESS3.B: Natural Hazards
  • ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems
    ETS1: Engineering Design
  • ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem
  • ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions

Kindergarten Science

The Next Generation Science Standards have been enriched by web-based public feedback and inputs from teachers, scientists, organizations in scientific research and education. Experienced kindergarten science teachers recommend using easy science games and science experiments to help kindergartners master the basic scientific concepts and to adhere to next generation science concepts.

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