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Earth and Space Science

Earth Science

The study of any kind of science that is related to the planet Earth falls under the wide umbrella called ‘Earth Science’. An important part of the Next Generation Science Standards for the middle school science curriculum, Earth Sciences may include studying the atmosphere, hydrosphere, oceans, and the solid Earth, among other things. From geology to soil science and ecology, Earth Science covers it all.

Space Science

As the name suggests, Space Science is a study of everything related to space – space travel and exploration, planetary science, space archaeology, astronautics, and any other field related to space. Any kind of science performed in outer space also falls under this branch of science.

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) for Earth and Space Sciences
These are the NGSS performance expectations and disciplinary core ideas for middle school students studying the Earth and Space Sciences.

    ESS1: Earth’s Place in the Universe
  • ESS1.A: The Universe and Its Stars
  • ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System
  • ESS1.C: The History of Planet Earth
    ESS2: Earth’s Systems
  • ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
  • ESS2.B: Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions
  • ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
  • ESS2.D: Weather and Climate
  • ESS2.E: Biogeology
    ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
  • ESS3.A: Natural Resources
  • ESS3.B: Natural Hazards
  • ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems
  • ESS3.D: Global Climate Change

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School of Dragon's Earth and Space Science Quests

Helpful Note: The first number before the Disciplinary Core Idea standards represents the grade it focuses on.

ESS2: Earth’s Systems

ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
4-ESS2.A-1 Quests: Gronckle Rocks: Rainfall helps to shape the land and affects the types of living things found in a region. Water, ice, wind, living organisms, and gravity break rocks, soils, and sediments into smaller particles and move them around.

ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
2-ESS2.C-3 Quests: Bodies of Water: Water is found in the ocean, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Water exists as solid ice and in liquid form.

ESS2.D: Weather and Climate
K-ESS2.D-1 Quests: Highs and Lows/ Cloud Quest: Weather is the combination of sunlight, wind, snow or rain, and temperature in a particular region at a particular time. People measure these conditions to describe and record the weather and to notice patterns over time.
3-ESS2.D-1 Quests: Highs and Lows/ Cloud Quest: Scientists record patterns of the weather across different times and areas so that they can make predictions about what kind of weather might happen next.

ESS3: Earth and Human Activity

ESS3.B: Natural Hazards
K-ESS3.B-2 Quests: Cloud Quest: Some kinds of severe weather are more likely than others in a given region. Weather scientists forecast severe weather so that the communities can prepare for and respond to these events.
3-ESS3.B-1 Quests: Batten Down the Hatches:A variety of natural hazards result from natural processes. Humans cannot eliminate natural hazards but can take steps to reduce their impacts.
4-ESS3.B-2 Quests: Batten Down the Hatches:A variety of hazards result from natural processes (e.g., earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions). Humans cannot eliminate the hazards but can take steps to reduce their impacts.