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4th Grade

The performance expectations in fourth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as: "What are waves and what are some things they can do? How can water, ice, wind and vegetation change the land? What patterns of Earth’s features can be determined with the use of maps? How do internal and external structures support the survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction of plants and animals? What is energy and how is it related to motion? How is energy transferred? How can energy be used to solve a problem?"

Fourth grade performance expectations include PS3, PS4, LS1, ESS1, ESS2, ESS3, and ETS1 Disciplinary Core Ideas from the NRC Framework. Students are able to use a model of waves to describe patterns of waves in terms of amplitude and wavelength, and that waves can cause objects to move. Students are expected to develop understanding of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by water, ice, wind, or vegetation with the help of scientific method steps. They apply their knowledge of natural Earth processes to generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of such processes on humans. In order to describe patterns of Earth’s features, students analyze and interpret data from maps. Fourth graders are expected to develop an understanding that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction. By developing a model, kids' science describes that an object can be seen when light reflected from its surface enters the eye. Students are able to use evidence to construct science projects explaining the relationship between the speed of an object and the energy of that object. Students are expected to develop an understanding that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents or from object to object through collisions. They apply their understanding of energy to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another. The crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; energy and matter; systems and system models; interdependence of science, engineering, and technology; and influence of engineering, technology, and science on society and the natural world are called out as organizing concepts for these disciplinary core ideas.

In the fourth grade performance expectations, students are expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in asking questions, developing and using models, planning and carrying out science experiments, analyzing and interpreting data, constructing explanations and designing solutions, engaging in argument from evidence, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information. Students are expected to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.

    PS3: Energy
  • PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
  • PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
  • PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces
  • PS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life
    ETS1: Engineering Design
  • ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem
  • ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions
  • ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution
    PS4: Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer
  • PS4.A: Wave Properties
  • PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation
  • PS4.C: Information Technologies and Instrumentation
    LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
  • LS1.A: Structure and Function
  • LS1.D: Information Processing
    ESS1: Earth’s Place in the Universe
  • ESS1.C: The History of Planet Earth
    ESS2: Earth’s Systems
  • ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
  • ESS2.B: Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions
  • ESS2.E: Biogeology
    ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
  • ESS3.A: Natural Resources
  • ESS3.B: Natural Hazards

Fourth Grade Science

Learning science with the help of experiments forms an integral part of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)in the U.S. The NGSS for Grade 4 includes topics such as the universe, energy transmission, light and speed, and electromagnetism. Our science experiments for kids follow the science curriculum and feature scientific method steps in very simple words for them to follow and learn easily. Encourage kids to perform scientific method experiments at home and school and learn science with fun!

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